Bible Study Lesson 1.6 – Bible Time Line

Average Time to Read: 6 minutes

Bible Study Lesson One
Reading the Bible Chronologically
(Based on the Bible Time Line by Jeff Cavins)
“How do I keep my eye on the narrative? Follow the thread of the story through the Bible. This is how…””

Period #1 – Early World
When? … (Creation/The Beginning of Time to 2000 BC)
Summary: The beginnings of creation, human society, and the problem of sin and evil in the world and its consequences (i.e. setting the stage for the need of a Savior)
Key Scriptures: Genesis 1-11
Key Figures: Adam, Eve, (Cain, Abel), Seth, Noah, Shem ( & his brothers Japhath/Ham)
What else is going on in the world? – Dinosaurs and other early creatures, and latter 5500 BC – Egyptians invent flax cloth, 4400 BC – Horses are first domesticated, 3500 BC – Sumarians invent the first alphabet and the Bronze Age begins, 3250 BC –Papyrus paper is invented, 3050 BC – the first medical text is written, 3000 BC – Chariots are invented, 2900 BC – The first society of India is established, 2685 BC – The Great Pyramids are built, 2205 BC – The first unified society of China is established, 2000 BC – Stonehenge is built and the Babylonians develop the first basic mathematical system.

Period #2 – Patriarchs
When? … (2000 BC to 1700 BC)
Summary: The rise of the chosen people / The Jews and their 12 tribes
Key Scriptures: Genesis 12-50
Key Figures: Abraham, Sarah, Isaac, (Ishmael), Jacob, (Essau), (Jacob’s/Israel’s 12 sons: Reuben, Simeon, Levi, Judah, Zebulon, Issachar, Dan, Naphtali, Gad, Asher, Joseph, Benjamin = The 12 Tribes of Israel through the descendants of these 12 brothers)
What else is going on in the world? – 1900 BC – Cotton was first used for clothing, 1760 BC – The Code of Hammurabi is written (first known written civil law)
Period #3 – Egypt and Exodus
When? … (1700 BC to 1280 BC)
Summary: The Jewish story of enslavement and ultimate journey to freedom
Key Scriptures: Exodus
Key Figures: (Moses, Aaron, Miriam, Pharahoh)
What else is going on in the word? – 1600 BC – The 1st civilization of China is established, 1450 BC – the Greek language takes a written form for the first time, 1400 BC – The Iron Age begins

Period #4 – Desert Wanderings
When? … (1280 BC to 1240 BC)
Summary: The Jewish trial of wandering in the desert journeying to the Promised Land
Key Scriptures: Numbers
Key Figures: (Moses, Aaron, Levites)
What else is going on in the world? – 1280 – 1240 BC – The Pharaohs Seti I and Rameses II are in power, 1240 BC – the Philistines arrive in the Holy Land from Crete

Period #5 – Conquest and Judges
When? … (1240 BC to 1050 BC)
Summary: The Jews finally enter into the Promised Land and gradually take over
Key Scriptures: Josuah / Judges
Key Figures: (Joshua), Rahab, Ruth, Jesse, (12 Judges: Othniel, Ehud, Shamgar, Deborah, Gideon, Tola, Jair, Jephthah, Ibzan, Elon, Abdon, Samson)
What else is going on in the world? – 1184 BC – Troy is captured, 1070 BC – Collapse of Assyria
Period #6 – Royal Kingdom
When? … (1050 BC to 930 BC)
Summary: the Jews establish a kingdom of their own
Key Scriptures: 1 & 2 Samuel / 1 Kings 1-11
Key Figures: Saul, Jonathan, Michal, David, Samuel, Abner, Joab, Bathsheba, Nathan, Philistines, Goliath, Absalom, Solomon
What else is going on in the world? – 995 BC – David captures Jerusalem and makes it his new capital city…It is the Golden Age of the Jews. During the time of David and Solomon, the Jews are the greatest global power

Period #7 – Divided Kingdom
When? … (930 BC to 722 BC)
Summary: The Jewish Kingdom is divided in two with 10 tribes forming a Northern Kingdom and 2 tribes forming a southern Kingdom
Key Scriptures: 1 Kings 12-22 & 2 Kings
Key Figures: (Northern Kingdom/Israel [10 tribes] with capital in Samaria, King Jeroboam and prophets Elijah, Elisha, Amos, Hosea), Southern Kingdom/Judea [2 tribes] with capital in Jerusalem, King Rehoboam and prophets Joel, Isaiah, Micah, (King Ahab, Jezabel, King Hezekiah)
What else is going on in the world? – 814 BC – Carthage is founded, 780 BC – Greek colonies are established, 776 BC – The 1st Olympic Games are held, 753 BC – the city of Rome is founded and Homer writes the Illiad and Odyssey
Period #8 – Exile
When? … (722 BC to 540 BC)
Summary: The two Jewish Kingdoms are ultimately defeated (1st the North and then the South) and the Jews are sent into Babylonian Exile and removed from the Promised Land. Jerusalem and the Holy Temple are both destroyed.
Key Scriptures: 2 Kings
Key Figures: King Nebuchadnezzar (No key leaders / figures from among the people mentioned but key writers: Nahum, Baruch Ezekiel, Daniel, Zephaniah, Jeremiah, Habakkuk)
What else is going on in the world? – 660 BC – the Japanese Empire is established, 650 BC – Babylon is destroyed, 588 BC – Nebuchadnezzar destroys Jerusalem, 483 BC – Buddha lives, 551-479 BC – and so does Confucius

Period #9 – Return
When? … (540 BC to 167 BC)
Summary: King Cyrus allows the Jews to return to the Promised Land and rebuild their society, Jerusalem their capital, and their Holy Temple
Key Scriptures: Ezra / Nehemiah
Key Figures: (King Cyrus, Ezra, Nehemiah and writers Haggai, Zechariah, Malachi)
What else is going on in the world? – 525 BC – The Persians conquer the Egyptians, 509 BC – the Roman Republic/senate is established, 508 BC – Athens establishes world’s first democracy, 431 BC – Sparta and Athens are at war, 427 BC – Plato is born, 399 BC – Socrates dies and the Huns begin to dominate China, 384 BC – Aristotle is born, 336-323 BC – Alexander the Great conquers the known world, 321 BC – Hindu dynasty established in India, 240 BC – Archimedes calculates value of PI, 214 BC – the Great Wall of China is built
Period # 10 – Maccabean Revolt
When? … (167 BC to 0)
Summary: The Jewish People overcome an oppressive Greek government and reestablish a Jewish Kingdom [The Hasmonean Kingdom] under the Maccabees
Key Scriptures: (1 & 2 Maccabees)
Key Figures: Alexander the Great, Ptolemies/Seleucids, King Antiochus Epiphanes, Mattathias and his 5 sons: John, Simon, Judas Maccabeus, Eleazar and Jonathan, Herod the Great
What else is going on in the world? – 100 BC – The Dead Sea Scrolls are written, 100-44 BC – Julius Caesar lives, 30 BC – Virgil writes the Aeneid

Period #11 – Messianic Fulfillment
When? … (0 to 33 AD)
Summary: The long wait for our Messiah is ended and Jusus, through his passion, death, resurrection and ascension wins victory over death and sin for us making our salvation possible
Key Scriptures: Matthew, Mark, Luke and John
Key Figures: Jesus the Christ, Mary, Joseph, John the Baptist, The 12 apostles: Simon/Peter – Cephas/the Rock and his brother Andrew, James & his brother John – sons of Zebedee (the Boanerges/Sons of Thunder), Matthew/Levi – the tax collector, Philip and his friend Bartholomew/Natanael, Thomas-Didymus/the twin, the doubter, James – son of Alphaeus, also called James the lesser, Thaddaeus/Judas or Jude, son of James, Simon – the zealot party member/Cananaean, and Judas Iscariot, the betrayer, Emperor Tiberius, Herod, Great, Philip the Tetrarch, Pontius Pilot, Pharisees, Saducees, High Priest Ciaphas, The Sanhedren, The Samaritians, Mary Magdalene, Mary, Martha & Lazarus, Nicodemus, and many others
What else is going on in the world? – 9 AD – The Germanic Horde begins to defeat the Roman army in northern Europe and drive them out, 25 AD – the Han Dynasty begins in China
Period #12 – Church
When? … (33 AD to the end of Time and into Eternity)
Summary: Beginning with Pentecost and the promised coming of the Holy Spirit, the church is born and it begins to grow through the courageous witness of many evangelists and martyrs. The full expression of the Church will not be seen until the end of time when all who are saved are gathered in Heaven and their follows a new creation and eternal joy and union with God the Father, Son and Holy Spirit as we, God’s people, form one united family
Key Scriptures: Acts / Revelation
Key Figures: The 12 Apostles with Matthias replacing Judas Iscariot, Saul/Paul of Tarscus, Barnabas, Silas, Mark, The 7: Stephen, Philip, Prochorus, Nicanor, Timon, Parmenas, and Nicolaus, Timothy and Titus, Lydia, Apollos, Aquila, Pricilla
What else is going on in the world? – 64 AD – Rome burns under Nero, 70 AD – Jerusalem and the Temple are both destroyed by the Roman army, 79 AD – Mt. Vesuvius erupts, 86 AD the Roman Colosseum is built, etc…The rest of human history unfolds

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